Cycling takes many forms, racing, mountain biking, utilitarian and recreational. Racing bicycles have dropped handlebars requiring the rider to bend forward which reduces air resistance and use stronger muscles such as the gluteus maximus to generate high speeds. In contrast town bikes and mountain bike have a more upright arrangement and shorter wheelbase for greater manoeuvrability.
Bicycles are a great way to improve cardiovascular fitness and strength, especially in the lower limb. As a non weight bearing system of exercise it is especially useful for anyone who needs to keep fit yet has a lower limb dysfunction such as osteoarthritis and cycling is useful because it can combine the need stay fit with the need to commute.
Cycling has one disadvantage, it is done seated. Sitting does little to promote flexibility, good posture and