Horse riding, also known as equestrianism or horseback riding may be done for practical reasons such as working or transportation, as a cultural exercise, or for recreation or competitive sport.
Competitive equestrianism includes horse racing, dressage, jumping and eventing, also known as horse trials.
During riding the rider has to react to the horse’s movement and stay balanced in the saddle. This involves relaxing and contracting many different muscles. Stretching is particularly important in horse riding because there is contraction but very little range of movement. The rider must remain in the saddle and most of the muscle contraction is isometric.
The psoas, iliacus and rectus abdominis contract to pull the torso forwards into a vertical position and as close as possible to its centre of gravity. Other muscles assisting with maintaining balance and posture include ….