Bowling Underarm – Ten-pin bowling, flat green bowling and crown green bowling

Ten-pin bowling is a sport and popular leisure activity where players compete to knock down as many pins as possible standing at the end of a wooden or synthetic bowling lane with a large ball.

Bowls or lawn bowls is a sport leisure activity where the objective is to roll large balls over grass surfaces so that they stop as close as possible to a smaller ball called a jack. The large ball is weighted on one side or biased so that it rolls in a slight arc.

In flat-green bowls the green is flat and bowling occurs along parallel playing strips called rinks. In crown-green bowls the green is convex or uneven. Both types are normally played outdoors on manicured grass and there are many variations in the shapes and sizes of greens. There are however more indoor clubs starting up which play on synthetic surface.

All the underarm bowling sports require skill and good shoulder flexibility especially full shoulder flexion and scapula protraction and good elbow movement. Stretch the agonists (the muscles that contract) because they will shorten with use and stretch the antagonists to allow movement to occur.

Bowling involves head extension, upper cervical extension and lower cervical flexion, …..